In 1933, the Professor’s Committee of the Prague Medical Faculty decided to build an independent, separate clinic outside of the complex then known as the General Hospital. The hospital had to be located in an area with easy public transportation access to the city centre. The tendering process was announced in 1937 or 1938. Preparation work started right away, and the initial plan was to build a hospital with 1300 beds. Due to the loss of the country’s independence, this project was stopped in 1939.
Due to the massive occupation by immigrants, there was a need to build new clinics/hospitals and to increase the number of beds. A decision was finally made in 1941 to build a temporary hospital. The authors and architects planned a 10- to 15-year lifetime for these so called temporary hospitals but most of these building stand until this day, however these building have not been in use for medical purposes since 1997. Another tendering process began in 1997 to build a new faculty hospital especially dedicated to children due to the demolition of the Children’s Ward in the city centre called ‘Na Karlove’.
The winning project included two interconnected high ceiling mono blocks dedicated for education, laboratories and the main entrance. Construction began on 23 April 1964 on FN (faculty hospital) Motol. There was a big celebration on 12 December 1970 in honour of FN Motol (when the part of the hospital dedicated to kids, mainly bed facilities for children, opened). By 1977 an energy centre was entirely completed with the laundry facilities, main hall, polyclinic (urgent care), laboratories and classrooms. The entire project was completed by 1985. A limited apartment complex was also built with 750 beds to serve the hospital staff, along with covered parking and a separate pavilion especially dedicated to treat patients with tuberculosis and respiratory diseases (133 beds for patients, an operating room and an intensive care unit). Another building dedicated to patients with long-term illnesses was completed in 1986, serving 390 patients. This unit is well known for its high-quality care and it is one of the most popular long-term disease clinics in the entire country.
FN Motol (Faculty Hospital Motol) is presently divided into 3 units – a children’s hospital serving 690 young patients, an adult unit for 1230 patients and the third unit is serving a total of 380 patients with long-term illnesses.
The hospital provides health care in all branches for the residents of the capital city of Prague, in a number of branches for the area of the Central Bohemian Region and in many children's fields for the entire Czech Republic. All departments of the children's ward are highly specialised and some of their specialties are unique in the Czech Republic, i.e. oncology, haemodialysis, endocrinology, epileptology, etc. Some branches are unique in Europe (Children's Dentistry and Cardiocenter beds). More than half a million patients are treated annually on an outpatient basis. Almost 60 thousand patients are hospitalised. The hospital employs 989 doctors, 3356 healthcare workers and another 961 employees supporting the hospital operations.
In terms of wages, a doctor’s monthly income is CZK 38,199, nurses make around CZK 20,938. The annual economic turnover of the hospital is about 3.8 billion crowns, and the opening of a new unit dedicated to adults (11 November 1996) increased the adult capacity from 1192 to 2035 beds, of which 100 beds are in the infectious disease pavilion, TRN pavilion, and 381 in the long-term disease pavilion. This improves patient wait times and it improves the speed of the procedures. There are 29 large operating rooms, 10 standard procedure rooms and 9 rooms servicing endoscopic procedures, 1 laparoscopy room and 1 catheterisation room. There are 12 intensive care units and resuscitation units. The hospital also use RTG and central magnetic resonance tomography. There are also organ transplant procedures done such as lung, kidney, heart valves and medulla ossium rubra.
The hospital hierarchy is as follows: Director of the hospital, Assistant to the hospital Director. In the clinical field it is the Senior Doctor followed by the Supervising Doctor (supervising separate stations or urgent care). The hospital has one Senior Nurse managing the nurses for the hospital (with a mandatory master’s degree). Each unit has a Senior Nurse and a Supervising Nurse. The ICU and emergency room have a District Nurse as well. They provide care to our patients 24 hours a day, 7 days a week (specialised care units excluded).
The Motol Prague Hospital Faculty is a study base for two medical faculties. The faculty hospital provides a clinical base; base 2 consists of: 53 clinical units/stations - all of them (except for neurosurgery, neurospondysurgery, infectious diseases, traumatology, centre of painful conditions, OCHRIP, radiotherapy OCPD and surgery rooms) dedicated to students of the 1st - 6th year of medical school. Base 1 consists of the surgery, ear nose and throat unit and orthopaedic unit.
The Second Faculty of Medicine in Prague is serving Charles University, which was founded in 1348, and it follows the nearly fifty-year tradition of the Faculty of Paediatrics. Charles University in Prague provides undergraduate and postgraduate education to students, physicians and other healthcare professionals in all medical fields. Between 1992/1993, the university launched classes in the English language. Students must be sufficiently capable of communicating in Czech so that they can communicate with patients and hospital personnel during internships/medical training (usually in the third year of study). Since 1994, the university offers a bachelor’s degree program (optics, optometry and physical therapy). The second base serves around 1000 students. Charles University applicants must apply and pass exams consisting of biology, physics and chemistry (75 questions, 2 points given for each question), there's also a special test put together to detect talent and eligibility for potential students/doctors to be able to determine the eligibility (25 questions, 4 points given for each question).
Students with the best scores are moved to the second part of the application process, which consists of a personal interview. The personal interview is conducted by 30 specialised teachers and faculty specialists. They are trying to determine the students’ interest, drive, capability and courage in order to select only the best applicants. There are also college students included, i.e. certified nurse for ICU, certified rescue, certified delivery assistant (maternity delivery).